The World Hypertension Day was first inaugurated in May 2005 and has become an annual event ever since. The purpose of the WHD is to promote public awareness of hypertension and to encourage citizens of all countries to the prevent and control of the silent killer which is gradually becoming a modern epidemic.
The theme for World Hypertension Day is Know Your Numbers with a goal of increasing high blood pressure (BP) awareness in all populations around the world.
What is Hypertension/ High Blood Pressure?
High blood pressure is a common condition in which the long-term force of the blood against your artery walls becomes very high, such that it may cause health problems.
Hypertension is defined as blood pressure higher than 140 over 90 mmHg (millimeters of mercury).
A diagnosis of hypertension may be made when one or both readings are high: systolic (the pressure as the heart pumps blood around the body), or diastolic (pressure as the heart relaxes and refills with blood).
Factors responsible for hypertension
- Physical inactivity
- Salt-rich diets
- Processed and fatty foods,
- Alcohol and tobacco use.
- Excessive use of oral contraceptives
- Sleep Apnea
Blood vessel narrowing: this can to kidney failure if it occurs in the kidney; in the heart, brain and legs, it leads to heart attack, stroke or the need for amputation.
- Restriction and reduction of Salt Intake
- Moderation of alcohol consumption
- Eat lots of vegetables and fruits
- Exercise Regularly